Halogens influence the oxidizing capacity of Earth’s troposphere, and iodine oxides form ultrafine aerosols, which may have an impact on climate. We report year-round measurements of boundary layer iodine oxide and bromine oxide at the near-coastal site of Halley Station, Antarctica. Surprisingly, both species are present throughout the sunlit period and exhibit similar seasonal cycles and concentrations. The springtime peak of iodine oxide ( 20 parts per trillion) is the highest concentration recorded anywhere in the atmosphere. These levels of halogens cause substantial ozone depletion, as well as the rapid oxidation of dimethyl sulfide and mercury in the Antarctic boundary layer.
17“These are my usual colors for fall and winter. Not just dark, but I have a lot of layers and colors. Kind of like the changing leaves, you have to have a lot of shades of the same spectrum,” said Hong Kong native Janny Leung, a visiting scholar at the Yenching Institute. 2“I like wearing bow ties when they go with my outfit. I wear a variation of the same thing every day,” said Max Seawright, a graduate student in Romances languages and literatures. “I made this bow tie — I’ve probably made a couple dozen of them. This bag is from Brooklyn Flea — it has my swimming stuff in it. I’m coming from the gym.” Fall now seems like a dream in New England. It arrives and lasts, at best, for a few weeks, before relenting to Boston’s unflinching winter. When it happens, it happens overnight — the tweeds and trenches are suddenly gone, replaced with the omnipresent puffer coat. And this winter has been one of the worst. With snowstorms passing through almost every other day, what’s a style maven to do? This edition of Common Threads weaves between a fleeting fall and enduring winter, showcasing the sudden sartorial switch that occurs, and how, with a bit of effort, style can weather any storm. 12“This is too cold for me!” said Louise Robin, an au pair from Corsica, France, and a student at Harvard Extension School. But she does embrace the snow while it’s here — she has several snow tubing and snowboarding trips planned. 1“This coat keeps me very warm,” remarked freshman Osaremen Okolo from Canton, Mass. “This is the worst winter we’ve had in a while. Usually there’s one big snowstorm. Now it’s like every day.” 16“Harvard has better fashion in the fall. This is a men’s sweater I got from a thrift store. An oversized cardigan is my fall staple. It can make anything look great,” said Lami Olatunji ’14. “I’m wearing eyeliner on my lips and two-tone eye shadow.” 6Matthew Sebastian, part of the A.R.T. stage crew, took his dog Sucuk (Turkish for “sausage”) out for a brisk morning walk. “I like the winter because I can layer. This is one of my favorite tweed jackets, it’s vintage.” But does he like the cold? “Oh, God no,” he guffawed. “It’s freezing.” He said he keeps warm with whiskey. 13Joseph Wawrzyn of Somerville was passing through the Yard en route to work. “I’m nice and toasty, all layered up,” said Wawrzyn, who is the singer of Boston band Condor. He prefers winter to summer and said he keeps warm with, “Layers and snuggles.” 9“This is balmy to me. I’m from Minnesota!” said freshman Luke Heine. “My style is very esoteric. This sweater is a bit Vail, Colo. — skiing some mountains, hot-tubbing at night.” 10Before his visit back to Cambridge, alum Ellison Weeks, Ed.M ’11, who now lives in California’s Bay Area, went shopping. “I remembered how cold it was here, and I needed a new jacket, and I saw this one and loved the color and the camel wool. After coming to New England, my style is a bit preppier. I grew up a bit here.” 8“I have labs today — I’m an engineering student — so my wardrobe is very limiting. I have to wear trousers and flats,” said sophomore Yinka Ogunbiyi ’16. “I like items that don’t really make sense, like this sweater-coat-cardigan; it has a lot of hidden pockets.” 15“I lived in PfoHo as an undergraduate and our mascot is a polar bear,” said Brandon Geller, a sustainability manager at the Office for Sustainability and a graduate student at the Graduate School of Education. “I wear this regularly. It keeps my little paws warm.” 5Linda Martini of Milan said Cambridge residents dress more casually than people in Italy. “People in Milan tend to dress up a lot,” she said. 11Harvard Film Archive Director Haden Guest popped out in the cold to buy “Zama” by Antonio di Benedetto. 4“I have to dress like a professional and not so sexy or fun,” said Tokyo native Ayumi Kanamoto, a visiting fellow at Harvard Kennedy School. “In Tokyo, everyone dresses very well. Here, people have a lot of passion and they’re interesting, but not so fashionable. I’m not even considered fashionable in Japan!” 14“Yellow makes me happy and it’s so dreary. I wanted to cheer myself up,” said second-year Harvard Law School student Fatima Mohammed. 3Tony Rothman, a teaching assistant in general education, bought his hat from a market in Moscow, where he lived off and on for more than 15 years. “As they say in Russia, there’s no such thing as bad weather, just bad clothes.” And as for his head temperature: “It’s hot.” 7Tobi Tikolo ’14 and Sophie Hagerty ’14 have been dating for two years. “We’re just really similar,” said Tikolo. Even their style is complementary: “I do wear a lot of masculine-inspired things. I like men’s shoes and men’s watches,” said Hagerty.
RUMSON – “I wanted to express my deep and sincere appreciation for sending all of the care packages … particularly given how difficult the last couple of months have been for all of you with Hurricane Sandy. Care Packages help so much to keep that connection with our friends, family, and communities back home and remind us of how selfless our neighbors are.”That was the sentiment expressed in a letter written by Lt. Cdmr. Brendan Piccolo of the U.S. Navy and addressed to Rumson-Fair Haven High School and the Long Branch Housing Authority. Piccolo, stationed at Bagram Airfield in Northeastern Afghanistan, is one of the officers who received much-needed items and distributed them to troops as the result of a recent Care Package Drive.The Character Education Club at Rumson-Fair Haven Regional High School has been organizing the Care Package Drive for the past few years. This year the students wanted to “raise the bar” and send a record-high number of items to U.S. troops in Afghanistan. They accomplished this goal by partnering with students from the Evolve Education Program of the Long Branch Housing Authority.Their efforts began in October when the RFH group asked fellow students and community members to donate troop-requested items such as energy drinks, instant coffee, gum, candy, DVDs, magazines, books, and more. Toys also were dropped off for distribution to children in the region.Once collection was complete, the RFH club teamed up with students from Evolve in Long Branch to sort, pack and ship the items. They worked under the guidance of RFH Character Education Advisor Jason Lippart and Evolve Director Theodore Drakeford. The collaborative effort, the first of its kind between the two groups, resulted in the delivery of 56 packages containing the comforts of home.In the letter Piccolo expressed his surprise. “I may have set a record for the number of packages received in one day, and have dutifully shared with the staff in this headquarters,” he said. “I speak for all of them when I say thank you so much for thinking of us.”A military reservist, Piccolo will return to his civilian job in Maryland when he arrives home in mid-January to his wife Amy and their two daughters, ages 2 and 4. Although he resides in Washington, D.C., he has strong ties to the shore area with family members residing in Belmar, Sea Girt and Spring Lake.“I was truly inspired by the hard work and generosity displayed by the students and community members who helped make the Care Package Drive so successful,” noted Lippart. “The willingness of people to pull together for a common cause, even in times of personal strife and hardship, really helps kick the holiday spirit into overdrive.”
OCMomBlog.com recently featured our Family Fun Zone. The blog was titled, “Santa Anita Park Family Fun Opening Day Celebration.” Shelby Barone wrote, “The celebration will feature a free Family Fun Zone in the track’s infield with carnival games, pony rides, jumpers and face painting, surrounded by horses racing around the track.” She went on to say, “Along with the family fun, there is also an event just for mom and dad. Opening Day will mark the return of Santa Anita’s popular Guest Chef Series, which showcases Los Angeles’ innovative dining culture.” OC Mom Blog clearly sees the fun in a day spent with us.Via OC Mom Blog
Glenswilly GAA notesGlenswilly 5kThe annual 5k takes place next Tuesday, June 23rd, starting at 7.30pm. A large crowd is expected at the event which has been a great success since it started in 2012. Those entering the run and walk will all be chipped and people can pre-register on Monday night next between 6-7pm or on the night of the race from 6pm. The cost is €8 for adults, €2 for U18s and €20 per family. Full details are available on the club’s Facebook page. Help for the 5KPlans are well underway for the club’s 5k but help is needed on the night. Anyone who can stewart at the event should contact Brendan Walsh. Also anyone who can provide refreshments including baked goods or sandwiches is asked to drop them down on the evening of the race from 6pm onwards.BingoBingo continues in the hall every Wednesday night with more than €2,000 in prize money up for grabs. The bingo starts at 9pm. Congrats to U14 girlsWarmest congratulations to the U14 girls team who beat St.Columba’s of Glencolmcille to book their place in the championship semi-final. The girls will face Downings in their quest to book their place in the final. Well done girls.U10 trainingThere will be no U10 training next Tuesday evening because of the staging of the 5k. Training will resume again the following week at 6.15pm.Tickets for Donegal game Anyone looking for tickets for the Ulster semi-final between Donegal and Derry at Clones on Saturday week is asked to email their requests to club secretary Aisling McDaid at [email protected] before Thursday, Jun 18th at 10pm. Anyone who books a ticket is responsible for that ticket.Congrats to the Glenswilly foursome!A major congratulations to Gary McFadden, Michael Murphy, Neil Gallagher (and mentor Gary McDaid!) after last Sunday’s terrific performance against Armagh. Well done to the four lads for representing their county and club with such honour.GAA NEWS: GLENSWILLY 5K TAKES PLACE NEXT WEEK was last modified: June 16th, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
2 There has been intense scrutiny on the manager, his relationship with star midfielder Paul Pogba and apparent tensions with vice-chairman Woodward over summer recruitment in the wake of Sunday’s embarrassing 3-2 defeat at Brighton.Mourinho offered little in the way of soundbites on Friday, though, answering only 13 questions.Put to him there had been a lot of background noise in the wake of the loss to Brighton, Mourinho retorted: “Yeah, but don’t ask me because I don’t read (it).“I don’t know 10 per cent of what is written, I don’t know 10 per cent of what is coming on the TV screens, so I’m not the right guy to answer to it.”Mourinho was then curt when asked about his relationship with Woodward.“Of course (our relationship is fine),” he said. “No (problem at all).” Jose Mourinho was in no mood to talk to the press on Friday There have been reports of tensions between Pogba and Mourinho 2 The Portuguese has made his frustration over the lack of extra summer signings clear, with the failure to improve in defence looking problematic at Brighton.That defeat has led to an uncomfortable week for all connected with United, who are understood to be backing Mourinho as odds on him leaving tumbled.A group of fans are said to be planning to have a plane fly over an upcoming match calling for the exit of Woodward, while questions also remain over the happiness of Pogba.Manchester United fans to fly ‘Ed Woodward out’ banner at Premier League clash with BurnleyThe France midfielder’s agent Mino Raiola took aim at United great Paul Scholes this week for questioning the France international’s leadership at Brighton.Pogba admitted his “attitude was not right enough” on the south coast, but Mourinho was distant when asked about it.“Paul told (that), Paul has to answer by his words,” the United boss said.“If you want any explanation about Paul’s words you must get him and ask him.” Manchester United boss Jose Mourinho insisted his relationship with Ed Woodward is “fine” but was clearly in no mood to speak to the media on Friday.Mourinho turned up half an hour early for his press conference ahead of Monday’s clash with Tottenham and gave only short answers before walking out after just eight minutes.
SANTA CRUZ >> Surf’s up — for debate — in Sacramento as the state Senate considers a proposal that would make surfing the Golden State’s official sport.Assembly Bill 1782 is in the lineup to be heard on the Senate floor as soon as this week, after which it would head to the governor’s desk. It passed through the Assembly in May with little opposition.Reaction to the proposal in surf-obsessed Santa Cruz has been predictably positive. Famous for its laid-back surf culture and world-class breaks …
SAN FRANCISCO — The search for Bruce Bochy’s replacement will garner significant attention this offseason, but the manager position is not the only high-profile job the San Francisco Giants are attempting to fill.President of baseball operations Farhan Zaidi is also interviewing candidates to become the Giants’ next general manager.In previous years, the general manager position belonged to the Giants’ top baseball executive, but CEO Larry Baer’s decision to hire Zaidi last fall and install …
Identical twins look identical, and the assumption is that their genes are, too. Not necessarily, found a team of European scientists publishing in PNAS.1 Their studies of genes from identical twins found that even when indistinguishable at birth, divergence over time in the expression of genes became evidence due to epigenetic (above-gene) factors:MZ [monozygotic] twins constitute an excellent example of how genetically identical individuals can exhibit differences and therefore provide a unique model to study the contribution/role of epigenetic modifications in the establishment of the phenotype [i.e., physical appearance]. What does make MZ twins differ? By using whole-genome and locus-specific approaches, we found that approximately one-third of MZ twins harbored epigenetic differences in DNA methylation and histone modification. These differential markers between twins are distributed throughout their genomes, affecting repeat DNA sequences and single-copy genes, and have an important impact on gene expression. We also established that these epigenetic markers were more distinct in MZ twins who were older, had different lifestyles, and had spent less of their lives together, underlining the significant role of environmental factors in translating a common genotype into a different phenotype. Our findings also support the role of epigenetic differences in the discordant frequency/onset of diseases in MZ twins.The differences could be due to drift over time by chance, or lifestyle choices, or differences in environment. Their results, they concluded, did not prove heredity or environment were the decisive factors: “Our comparison of MZ twins suggests that external and/or internal factors can have an impact in the phenotype by altering the pattern of epigenetic modifications and thus modulating the genetic information.”1Fraga et al., “Epigenetic differences arise during the lifetime of monozygotic twins,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, published online before print July 11, 2005, 10.1073/pnas.0500398102.Philosophers have argued about heredity and environment for a long time. These studies carry the debate down to the molecular level of DNA and gene expression. No conclusions are drawn in this commentary, except the caution that creationists and evolutionists both need to take epigenetic factors into account before propounding simple explanations of stasis or evolution. Genes are not the only things in control; a host of epigenetic factors contributes to the way a plant, animal, or human looks and acts. Staging the debate as heredity vs environment begs the question of whether those are the only explanations for why identical twins diverge over their lifetimes. It would seem that personal choices and unseen mental, moral or spiritual factors cannot be ruled out as significant agents of change that can extend down to the genes and influence their expression.(Visited 8 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The overall economic outlook for 2016 is promising although some challenges might still be ahead, says an expert in the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences at The Ohio State University.“We are entering our 79th month of economic expansion in the U.S., which is the fifth longest period on record,” said Mark Partridge, the C. William Swank Chair in Rural-Urban Policy in the college. “I remain optimistic on national growth.“Back to back, 2015 and 2016 look to be the best years of the 21st century yet.”Partridge, who specializes in analyzing regional growth patterns, said the U.S. stands out among advanced economies as one of the most consistent in the past few years in regard to economic growth.“As of the October employment report released in November, 2015 U.S. job growth is on track to be good by post-2000 standards, but not as good as 2014, which was the best since 1999,” he said.However, Partridge noted that though 2016 looks to be another good year, there are numerous risks that could easily slow growth. Some of the risks, he said, include the stalled U.S. Congress, which did not have agreement to enact any kind of fiscal policy for the country.“Additionally, policy institutions such as the International Monetary Fund have also highlighted the need for the U.S. to make large investments in infrastructure as a long-term growth strategy, which is not currently underway,” Partridge said. “These same institutions have also raised the alarm on the possible impact of climate change and the risks of not investing in climate change management strategies.”Finally, with growth in China slowing down, there is a broader trade slowdown on the horizon, which will impact the global economy, he said.“Ohio is trailing the U.S. as it historically does, but 2015 was a good year, and the state seems poised to prosper in 2016,” Partridge said.Statewide, manufacturing is growing at three times the national rate, he said.“Ohio’s main weakness is stagnant population growth. We lose young and more-educated workers,” Partridge said. “This is the key reason for why the state’s job growth lags the nation, however it explains Ohio’s low unemployment rate.”Partridge also highlighted some surprising trends that reflect the larger economic picture.“Today, 25 percent of young adults live with their parents,” he said. “This is a big change in recent years. In 1980, this figure was only 5 percent.“These young people are also not married, either, which again is a major shift. Data shows that married men tend to be much more productive. These unmarried young adults are also choosing not to buy houses, they are instead living in apartments.”