Tag: 上海后花园

Legacy consideration on the rise, league table shows

first_img More people are open to the idea of leaving a legacy with legacy consideration on the rise, according to fastmap and Freestyle Marketing’s latest league table.The Legacy Potential Premier League Table 2019-2020 ranks charities on the propensity of their supporters to leave a gift in their Will to them, based on factors including motivations and barriers to giving, the number of supporters a charity has, as well as on how often supporters consider and reject a charity for legacy giving.On the index, a value of 100 is considered average, with scoring over or under this meaning the charity is either over or under performing.As with last year, animal charities top the league table, now taking the first five places. Cats Protection retains first place, followed by The Donkey Sanctuary, Battersea, Dogs Trust and Blue Cross.Completing the top ten are Breast Cancer Now at number six, followed by Cancer Research UK, RSPCA, Alzheimer’s Research UK, and PDSA. Each of the top ten charities have a legacy consideration score of over 100, ranging from 150 for Cats Protection to 109 for PDSA. Down at the bottom of the table, in positions 29 and 30, British Red Cross and Royal British Legion score 64 and 58 respectively. Melanie May | 11 October 2019 | News Tagged with: legacies Research / statistics Legacy consideration on the rise, league table shows Changes in this year’s ranking include Cancer Research UK, RSPCA, Macmillan and RNLI, which dropped in their individual rankings, while WWF, Diabetes UK and Blue Cross are amongst those to have entered the top 20 for the first time.This is the second year fastmap and Freestyle Marketing have compiled the league table. Overall, the data shows legacy consideration has risen by 4% since last year, showing that more people are open to the idea of leaving a legacy to a charity. David Cole, fastmap Managing Director, said:“This is a good news for the sector. Legacy consideration is a window into the future as regards to likely legacy revenue. “It’s significant that some charities have improved individually but relative to their competitors are losing ground. In my view there are three reasons for this: a lack of understanding about how to truly differentiate the legacy message from the competition; it can also be difficult to align cause and effect with legacy marketing so not enough investment is made in marketing; and there is a tendency too to repeat what has been done before, but with a market that is changing so dramatically, this is not good enough.“Charities need to create a unique proposition, invest more in marketing, and not be afraid to make changes.”Emma Hazlewood, Gifts in Wills Manager, National Trust, said: Advertisement  361 total views,  3 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis15center_img  360 total views,  2 views today “It’s encouraging to see legacy consideration rising and it’s crucial therefore that charities understand their strengths and potential barriers to giving so they can more easily engage future supporters with tailored marketing for their unique causes. fastmap’s Premier League has highlighted the importance of legacy marketing to our senior stakeholders and helped secure the budget we need to protect this exceptionally important income.” AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis15 About Melanie May Melanie May is a journalist and copywriter specialising in writing both for and about the charity and marketing services sectors since 2001. She can be reached via www.thepurplepim.com.last_img read more

BCD Writes To LG Against Levy Of Professional Tax on Lawyers, Charge Of Property Tax On Offices At Higher Rate As ‘Business Buildings’ [Read Letter]

first_imgNews UpdatesBCD Writes To LG Against Levy Of Professional Tax on Lawyers, Charge Of Property Tax On Offices At Higher Rate As ‘Business Buildings’ [Read Letter] Mehal Jain4 Aug 2020 5:28 AMShare This – xThe Bar Council of Delhi has on Tuesday approached the NCT’s Lieutenant Governor, raising the concern that the South Delhi Municipal Corporation has proposed to levy professional tax on lawyers, besides other self-employed professionals such as doctors, architects, chartered accountants. The proposal having been referred to the LG for approval, “the legal community in Delhi” has voiced…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Bar Council of Delhi has on Tuesday approached the NCT’s Lieutenant Governor, raising the concern that the South Delhi Municipal Corporation has proposed to levy professional tax on lawyers, besides other self-employed professionals such as doctors, architects, chartered accountants. The proposal having been referred to the LG for approval, “the legal community in Delhi” has voiced its ‘strong objection’ to the move, seeking to ‘lodge its protest’ against the levy of professional tax on lawyers. “There appears to be some bias and malice against the lawyers, since even in the past, the municipal corporations in Delhi have made feeble attempts to impose professional tax on the lawyers and other professionals”, reads the communication. The BCD has “highly condemned” and “conveyed its acceptability” to such a repeated attempt over-and-over again despite having been proposed and dropped in the past. “We are not aware of any evil design behind such a repeated move, after decisions having been taken in the past to drop such a proposal”, the letter states unequivocally. Asserting that the legal profession is “a noble profession” and as officers of the court, the lawyers do not perform any commercial activity, it is urged that the SDMC cannot be expected to resort to imposition of professional tax, for whatever reason. “This move has caused immense anger and anguish among the legal fraternity, which is already severely hit by the ongoing Covid crisis and on account of various charges on commercial basis”, reads the letter. The BCD has also expressed its opposition to the move of the SDMC in doubling the property tax on rented properties being used for office. “A very large number of lawyers in Delhi are operating from rented accommodation as there is acute shortage of chambers in various courts”, it is pressed. It is submitted that if the SDMC is allowed to levy double the existing property tax on such establishments, naturally the rent of the said premises will be highly detrimental to the legal profession. Finally, it is pointed out that under the Use Factor for property tax, the professionals should have been included in Use Factor-1 (Residential and Public Purpose), but there is no specific category provided, and consequently, for the property tax which ought to be paid in Use Factor – 1, the lawyers have been subjected to unnecessary harassment, because of the administrative laxity. The advocates are at present liable in the category of ‘business’ under ‘Use Factor 4′ , which is a much higher tax slab. It is advanced that as far as doctors’ clinics are concerned, a separate category has been provided in Use Factor – 2 (being, ‘Utilities’), but for lawyers, who should be categorised in Use Factor – 1, no such provision has been made, causing undue harassment.Click Here To Download Letter[Read Letter]Next Storylast_img read more

UK pensions reform: Replacing a nanny with a shark

first_imgTaha Lokhandwala considers how the new rules around DC decumulation might pan out in futureIn the midst of a quiet bank holiday in the UK, the defined contribution (DC) pensions market awoke on Monday to see itself in a new light. Last year, chancellor George Osborne famously bellowed from the House of Commons dispatch box that no one would have to buy an annuity and in one fell swoop changed the way the British looked at DC pensions decumulation, and pensions in general.As the clocks turned 0900 this morning, DC pension providers could have been inundated, as they recently predicted, with calls from those over 55 wanting to access their pension savings and run riot over the notion that pensions savings should eventually become retirement income. We shall learn down the line whether they were inundated or not. But it leads to an interesting discussion. Whether you agree with the reforms or not, they are here. What happens henceforth is what is important – whether you believe in ‘paternalism’ or liberalism, market forces or intervention. The gates of pensions freedoms have been opened, and it is likely savers will come flooding through.So, what next? No one really knows. No one has been able to predict how savers will react. The pensions minister Steve Webb spent his Easter weekend entreating savers not to wake up today and splurge their savings before even considering retirement. Webb, true to his Liberal Democrat colours, stands by the view that savers should have the right to do so – and this, really, is the core matter. Liberalism always comes at a cost, and that cost is bad decisions – sometimes bad decisions created by coercion. The policy of forcing people to buy an annuity is based on the notion that they cannot be trusted to make the ‘right’ decisions. This government argues that only the people themselves know what is right.The abandonment of the so-called nanny state in pensions, however, exposes savers to a new and potentially bigger predator – the pensions and insurance industry. With freedom and choice to select retirement solutions comes just that – choice. The UK industry is already complex enough to the general public, with splits among defined benefit and DC, trust-based options and insurance contract-based arrangements. It’s complex enough to see pensions saving continuously fall until state intervention in the form of auto-enrolment. Adding choices, while giving people freedom, merely increases complexity, not to mention opportunistic sales tactics from shareholder-bound, return-driven firms.To its credit, the government has provided free guidance, but the question of whether enough resource and emphasis on this guidance has been provided is debatable, as the entire policy hinges on the ability of a saver to select the right product, at the right time and at the right price.The policy is difficult to argue against and, more important, difficult to redact. Freedoms are popular. Webb himself, in a debate with his opposite number in the Labour Party, said the polls spoke for themselves. However, there is the bigger concern. Liberalism, even with its costs, can be welcomed, but one should always look at the motives. The freedom to spend one’s DC savings is one of the biggest, and certainly most popular, policies of this government – and it comes into force weeks before a general election. Short-term electioneering over long-term concerns for the electorate? Perhaps.The next government, whatever its form, has much to contemplate. More intervention to fix its freedoms? Rules around targeting customers? Cost caps for new products? Extending the freedoms to those already with annuities? All of these have been discussed. Momentum behind the notion of having a default decumulation option is building. The idea is to help those who just do not know what to do while still providing freedoms to those who want to exercise them. MPs scrutinising pensions policy, the National Association of Pension Funds (NAPF), the National Employment Savings Trust (NEST) and a think tank all support this idea. However, the current pensions minister is strongly against it.After much talk over the last 13 months, the day has arrived. Pension providers opened themselves up to a raft of enquiries this morning. The reforms can help create a more active, fluid and beneficial pensions industry where people get out of it what they desire. But only time will tell if freedom and choice was truly the right way, or whether the UK government merely replaced a nanny with a shark.last_img read more

DSWMC, DDA and Roseau City Council launches smart bins

first_img Share Share Tweet 24 Views   one comment LocalNews DSWMC, DDA and Roseau City Council launches smart bins by: – January 5, 2012center_img Share Sharing is caring! Minister of Health, Honourable Julius Timothy cutting the ribbon to officially launch the programme on Thursday.The Dominica Solid Waste Management Corporation (DSWMC) in collaboration with the Discover Dominica Authority (DDA) and the Roseau City Council on Thursday launched the Smart Bin which organizers hail “a critical solution to alleviate the litter problem in the City of Roseau”. The Adopt-A-Block Programme which was launched at the Dame Eugenia Charles Boulevard, targets business owners, giving them the opportunity to take some level of ownership of the various “Blocks” around the city. The organizers claim that this initiative will enable business owners to feel a sense of pride for their respective blocks thereby ensuring its cleanliness and general upkeep; with the understanding that cleanliness also translates into good business. This programme involves the purchasing of up to 4-6 garbage bins, maintenance of two street lights, provision of human resources to keep the streets tidy and respective blocks clean on a daily basis.Chief Executive Officer of the Discover Dominica Authority, Mr. Colin Piper “Discover Dominica Authority told Thursdays launching ceremony that his organization is quite pleased to partner with the DSWMC and the Roseau City Council on such a “significant initiative”.Chief Executive Officer of the Discover Dominica Authority, Mr. Colin Piper.He further noted the importance of every Dominican to recognize that this program will be beneficial to them particularly the tourism industry which many locals are dependent on.Mr. Piper added that “We are all just as cognizant of the litter problem in and around Roseau, we know that there is indeed a lot of work to be done in educating locals on the disposal of garbage and the public awareness that is necessary to change our mind set in litter management; the Adopt a Block is the start. Too many times we get comments from visitors claiming that “they had a wonderful time in Dominica and that our country is indeed beautiful, however the town of Roseau was full of garbage”.Mr. Piper also encouraged all business houses in the town of Roseau to support the programme, “come on board – it is our town, let us do what we can to keep it clean and beautiful”.In related news, Mayor of Roseau, His Worship Cecil Joseph reminisced that when he was newly appointed in 2000, “every area in Roseau was a dumping site, and when I came in according to people, I was very arrogant in ensuring that we had a cleaner city, and today I want to say that I am very much happy to know that the concept of Adopt-a-block came to reality”. According to Mr. Joseph, the bins have been around for about three weeks now and he hasn’t heard anyone compliment the organizers who have made this a reality to ensure that the city is cleaner.He also encouraged citizens to partner with them and get involved in the Adopt-A-Block programme to make it widely known.Dominica Vibes Newslast_img read more

Cranes and Lorenzen off to Zimbabwe

first_imgRest of Team Uganda:Leader of Delegation: Denis Mbidde SsebugwawoHead coach: Sredojevic MilutinAssistant coach: Moses BasenaGoalkeeping coach: Fred KajobaTeam Doctor: Ronald KisoloPhysiotherapist: Ivan SsewanyanaTeam Coordinator: Crispus MuyindaShare on: WhatsApp Cranes head coach Milutin ‘Micho’ Sredojevic named a team  of 19, including German based player Melvyn Lorenzen   to travel for their build up match against Zimbabwe tomorrow.  From Harare, Cranes will fly to Francistown to take on Botswana on Saturday.‘We are happy with the process of documentation of Melvyn’s papers to secure him a National passport.  Mike Mukula, an ardent football fan has been of great help as well in a bid to help FUFA secure the player’s passport,” Micho told FUFA co ug.“We are optimistic that the only missing paper to be issued by the German Government will be sent in time for the player to feature for Uganda Cranes against Botswana on 4th June, 2016.”Team: Denis Onyango, Robert Odongkara, Denis Iguma, Joseph Ochaya, Luwagga Kizito, Okwi Emma, Wasswa Hassan Mawanda, Juuko Murushid, Sekisambu Erisa, Kasirye Davis, Massa Geoffrey, Miya Faruku, Lorenzen Melvyn, Walusimbi Godfrey, Aucho Khalid, Lubega Idrisa,  Isinde Isaac, Tony Mawejje and Yassar Mugerwa. The Uganda Cranes team flew to Zimbabwe Sunday night enroute to their Africa Cup of Nations qualifier against Botswana this weekend.last_img read more

RB Business Just OK July 3 with Lack of Fireworks

first_imgBy John BurtonRED BANK – Despite the lack of fireworks this July 3, which traditionally brought large crowds to the borough, business for some local establishments that formerly benefited from the annual event, wasn’t so bad.The annual fireworks display, long touted as the largest in the state, usually meant large crowds of people — often hungry and thirsty people — wandered through much of the downtown until the display began around 9 p.m. But the organizing committee decided in Feb­ruary not to move forward with this year’s plans for a number of reasons.Chris Masi, general manager of the Downtown bar and restaurant, said the 10 West Front St. establishment “had a successful July 3.”July 3 had been one of that night spot’s busiest of the year, second only to Thanks­giving Eve, according to Masi. “The [lack of] fireworks, I would say only hurt us as far as dinner service,” with that portion of the business falling off. On the other hand, he said, “Our night life was as strong as a weekend.“We definitely took a hit but overall I would say it was a successful night,” he said. “Surprising.”The fireworks had brought big business at Spirits Unlimited liquor store, 56 Newman Springs Road, in the past. This year, store manager John Watts acknowledged, “I was even.” The difference? “No big parties,” in the area as there have been in past years, he said.That day is usually one of his business’ busiest of the year and, despite some complaints from customers about the lack of a fireworks show, he considered the business he got was “pretty good.“They’re going to party no matter what,” he observed.Nancy Adams, executive director of Red Bank RiverCenter, which manages the borough’s commercial special improvement district, said she heard some complaints about no fireworks, but there were people who had not heard about the cancelation who still came and may have shopped and dined.“I heard the restaurants and bars did good business,” which could be also be attributed to it being the night before a major holiday, she said.“Nights before holidays are always beneficial,” Masi observed.Danny Murphy, who owns and operates Danny’s Grill and Wine Bar on Bridge Avenue and was a member on the KaBoom committee that organized the annual fireworks display, said, “It was dead in town. It was very depressing.” But, he added, “I actually did very well on Tuesday night because, really there was nothing else to do.”One business that suffered what its owner said was a significant loss of business was LaRosa’s Bakery on Newman Springs Road in Shrewsbury.Sal LaRosa, who has been running the bakery for 30 years, said this July 3 “was doomsday in Red Bank instead of boomsday in Red Bank.”He estimated his business was down by about 75 percent that day.Along with Christmas, Thanksgiving, Easter, “One of the big holidays for me is July 3,” LaRosa said.LaRosa is one of the original members of the KaBoom! Fireworks on the Navesink committee, which organized and raised funds for the annual display. He said the demise of the event was sad. He contended that the mayor and council should have stepped in and taken over the event, even on a smaller scale. “It was a real shame,” he said.As for a scaled back event, Murphy agreed. “Keep it a little smaller,” and a little less expensive, he said.The Kaboom committee cited the cost, the difficulty of raising money and the need for an increasingly larger contingent of police from the borough and surrounding communities to maintain security, as the major reasons for canceling this year’s event.The cost of the annual event, which had been the borough’s largest, ran upward of $300,000, andwas funded through private contributions and some corporate sponsorship.last_img read more

Mallard’s Team of the Week — Nelson’s B.C. Games Reps

first_imgA quartet of local hockey players is off to Vernon next month to represent the Kootenays at the 2012 B.C. Winter Games. The four girls are from the West Kootenay Wildcats female hockey team and were selected during a U16 evaluation camp last weekend in Invermere. Staff at Mallard’s Source for Sports would like to add to the celebration with Team of the Week honours. The four players, from left, goalie Catalina Hartland from Kaslo and Nelson’s Merissa Dawson (defence), Emma Hare (forward) and Jesse Cooper (forward). — Submitted photolast_img


first_img2/2/2/2 TRAINER QUOTES KEITH DESORMEAUX, EXAGGERATOR, WINNER: “Did I have any doubts as they were going up to the gate? No doubt, I had doubts! We had a good pace to run at in the San Felipe, but not a really fast pace. Today, we had a great pace scenario and he took full advantage. For me, this is like a dream. I mean, the (Kentucky) Derby is what everybody in this business dreams of. I think we’ll probably come in (to Churchill Downs) right on top of the race, maybe ship in on Monday or Tuesday.” MIKE SMITH, DANZING CANDY, FOURTH: ​”Well he [Exaggerator] was quite a bit quicker than we hoped, of course, but we kind of thought that would happen today. I was hoping he’d really take to the mud, to be honest with you, as long as I had him up underneath me he was okay but as soon as I had to let up and run along I felt like I was on roller skates out there. He just didn’t grab quite a hold of it the way we hoped.” JOCKEY QUOTES WHEN ASKED IF HE THOUGHT EXAGGERATOR CAN BEAT NYQUIST NEXT TIME: “We haven’t been able to beat him, what five (actually three) times? I don’t know if we can or not.”             WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE FAMILY DYNAMIC OF HAVING HIS BROTHER RIDE FOR HIM: “I would say we have a very frank relationship. If I feel a certain way about something, I don’t hold anything back, and the same for him. I’m not sure I’d talk to a Mike Smith the way I talk to Kent. We’re just very upfront about everything and express ourselves fully.” NOTES: The winning owners are Matt Bryan (Big Chief Racing) of Ft. Worth; Head of Plains Partners; Rocker O Ranch, and Keith Desormeaux of Maurice, La. WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE ADDED DISTANCE OF THE KENTUCKY DERBY: “Yes, the way he finished today and the way he galloped out…If we get a fast pace, and we should, yes, I don’t think there’s any problem with it.” RONNY ORTOWSKI, PART OWNER, EXAGGERATOR, WINNER: “Kent just rode him perfect. It was a real good race. He’s a mud horse, and I had all the confidence in the world. He was feeling good this morning.” -more- GARY STEVENS, MOR SPIRIT, SECOND: “He warmed up great and left the gate wrong, and we got hit by the first wave of water and mud going into the first turn, he slipped with me and started lunging. He came off the bridle, and the first thing I said was, ‘This is going to be a long race.’ When Kent came by me, he actually tried to go with him – he sort of re-ignited again, but he sort of just looked after himself. I’m real proud of him to run second.” GARY SHERLOCK, UNCLO LINO, THIRD: “The track didn’t make him run any better but I wasn’t worried about it. The biggest thing was to let him run. He ran perfect, that’s what we had in mind. The only thing that fooled me was that Iron Rob didn’t send! Uncle Lino made the lead and just got run down by two pretty good horses, that’s about it.“My next move? I have no idea.” KENT DESORMEAUX, EXAGGERATOR, WINNER: “Well, if he shows up the first Saturday in May like he did today . . . he was ultra-confident today. He’s so mature and he walked to the gate like an old pony. He left there quiet and comfortable and I think that’s the difference, when a horse lets you drive and they’re not man-handling themselves. He reminded me of Texas Red.“He’s that caliber of horse and it’s extra special to be with Keith, and we don’t even talk too much, it’s all quite understood. All he said in the paddock was, ‘Kent, I’m telling you that I’ve never seen this horse so confident.’ When I galloped off once I was on the track, he took to the track like a duck to water. He never missed a beat and he showed it winning today.“I don’t think it has soaked in yet, I’m pretty much in shock. I’m just going to pray that unlike Texas Red, we make it there.“He was the fourth horse that I rode in the mud today and the others felt like they had ice skates on. Exaggerator felt like he had track shoes on. He really liked the going and I think that was part of his incredible effort today. He enjoyed the mud.“I don’t know (if he can beat Nyquist); we’ll find out Derby Day. I heard two people say that Nyquist couldn’t handle Mohaymen. When I tried to run with him in the San Vicente and he went twenty-two and change I thought I was going to go by him like he was tied to a pole but he wouldn’t let me by. That is a very good horse.” -30-last_img read more

Serving Up Life on the Rocks with a Twist

first_imgWe’ve heard theories life arose in a primeval soup, around hot deep-sea vents, around volcanoes and other hot spots; why would anyone consider the origin of life in ice?  A scientist in Spain has suggested life may have started in ice.  The title to the Science Daily write-up finds this to be the ultimate divination: “Could Life Have Started In Lump Of Ice?  Very Cold Ice Films In Laboratory Reveal Mysteries Of Universe.”    Julyan Cartwright, a researcher in Spain, has taken beautiful pictures of ice structures.  Colleagues have been impressed.  Beautiful or not, what does ice have to do with life except for sharing two letters of the alphabet?  The article diverged briefly onto a discussion of thin films for industrial applications, then came back to the L-word.  Ice films on dust particles may be abundant in space.  Ice has water, which is necessary for life.  But even more strange, ice can “look” biological.  Shapes that resemble worms and palm leaves can emerge from amorphous ice if it quick-freezes onto rock under certain conditions.    After first cautioning scientists not to conclude from these shapes that they are evidence of life, Cartwright then proposed a connection anyway: On the other hand the existence of lifelike biomimetic structures in ice suggests that nature may well have copied physics.  It is even possible that while ice is too cold to support most life as we know it, it may have provided a suitable internal environment for prebiotic life to have emerged.    “It is clear that biology does use physics,” said Cartwright.  “Indeed, how could it not do?  So we shouldn’t be surprised to see that sometimes biological structures clearly make use of simple physical principles.  Then, going back in time, it seems reasonable to posit that when life first emerged, it would have been using as a container something much simpler than today’s cell membrane, probably some sort of simple vesicle of the sort found in soap bubbles.  This sort of vesicle can be found in abiotic systems today, both in hot conditions, in the chemistry associated with ‘black smokers’ on the sea floor, which is currently favoured as a possible origin of life, but also in the chemistry of sea ice.”The article ended by calling this an “intriguing idea” that the European Science Foundation should explore further.  “This may provide a new twist to the idea that life arrived from space,” it said.  “It may be that the precursors of life came from space, but that the actual carbon based biochemistry of all organisms on Earth evolved on this planet.”We may have to go for “Stupid Evolution Quote of the Day” at this rate.  Look cross-eyed if you have heard anything dumber in the last week from a scientist.  How do we dumb thee?  Let us count the ways.Miracles:  The article uses the emerge-ncy miracle word all over the place.  Give physics “a suitable environment for prebiotic life to have emerged,” and scientists can study “when life first emerged.”Find the ID:  The article said that “nature may well have copied physics.”  And you thought physics was natural.  Apparently not; physics is now the designer, and nature needs to copy it.  In biomimetics, scientists copy life’s designs.  Here, they have turned it inside out: “On the other hand the existence of lifelike biomimetic structures in ice suggests that nature may well have copied physics.”  Check out the self-referential fallacy.Ana-logic:  Shapes in amorphous life looks like worms and palm trees, they tell us.  Well obviously, then, since ice and biology both use physics, the ancestors of palm trees and worms must have emerged from the physical shapes in ice.  This is a non-sequitur wrapped in an analogy.Icy gloss:  To consider vesicles in ice and soap bubbles as containers for prebiotic life is a flamboyant generality that sidesteps the problem of active transport.  Containers, you recall, are death traps to prebiotic molecules unless the happy molecules can be protected and the angry ones kept out (01/17/2002, 04/11/2006). Blind faith:  The article uses could and may seven times.  Is this science?  We have thirty seconds; tell us what you know.Lukewarm ideas:  Vesicles may have formed at hot black smokers, we are told, and they may have formed in ice, too.  Take your pick.  Don’t you remember your physics?  Ice floats.  How is the ice container going to get to the black smoker at the bottom of the sea, or vice versa?  But then, when the ice container touches the hot water, guess what?  Entropy.  If biology uses physics, as you say, this could be a problem.These and other fallacies easily earn this story the SEQOTW prize.  We are told that Cartwright’s fantasies put “a new twist to the idea” that life arrived from space or by some other physical process without design.  It must be a blast being an astrobiologist in Europe.  You get to dance The Twist, play Twister, and sip your Darwine Twister cocktail.  Simultaneously.(Visited 6 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Hear Ye! Directional Sound Enabled by Superfast Neurons

first_img(Visited 14 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 How can you tell where sounds come from?  The brain is quicker than the speed of sound between your ears.There’s only about 8 inches between your ears (more, perhaps, for fatheads).  The speed of sound is finite.  The tiny time lag between the arrival at one ear compared to the other is what enables us to sense the source direction of the sound, but there’s more to it than that.  If signals did not get processed in the brain faster than the time lag, the information would not be useful.Science Daily asks, “How Do We Locate the Spatial Position of Sounds? Mechanism Responsible for Creation of Giant Synapses Discovered.”  Sure enough, there are massive hubs or neural intersections in our brains that can process information faster than the speed of sound.  Here’s the upshot (notice the astonishment):Humans and most mammals can determine the spatial origin of sounds with remarkable acuity. We use this ability all the time — crossing the street; locating an invisible ringing cell phone in a cluttered bedroom. To accomplish this small daily miracle, the brain has developed a circuit that’s rapid enough to detect the tiny lag that occurs between the moment the auditory information reaches one of our ears, and the moment it reaches the other. The mastermind of this circuit is the “Calyx of Held,” the largest known synapse in the brain. EPFL scientists have revealed the role that a certain protein plays in initiating the growth of these giant synapses.Because it resembles the calyx of a flower, anatomist H. Held described it as such in 1893.  Regarding it, Wikipedia says, “This structure is specially designed for fast, efficient transportation of information from one cell to the next.”  The part of the brain that processes auditory information has a number of these structures.According to the Science Daily article, studies at the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) show the Calyx of Held to act “almost like peer-to-peer communication between neurons.”  These synapses have hundreds of inputs.  “The result is that information is processed extremely quickly, in a few fractions of a millisecond, instead of the slower pace of more than 10 milliseconds that occurs in most other neuronal circuits.”EPFL scientists identified a protein named BMP that is implicated in developing the contact points for the Calyx of Held.  “The impact of this study will go well beyond increasing our understanding of the auditory system,” the article says.  “The results suggest that the BMP protein plays an important role in developing connectivity in the brain.”Medical Xpress begins with an image of the giant synapse.“The brain has developed” this circuit.  Funny; did you ever ask your brain to do that?  There’s another example of pulling off evolutionary magic by misdirection.In his excellent book, The Wonder of Man (1999), Dr. Werner Gitt provided numerous amazing details about our senses.  The ear, “our highest precision sense organ,” is able to detect energy ratios of one million million to one, an “astonishing feat” that approaches auditory perfection.  Since each ear provides two sound paths, we actually get four inputs for localizing sound sources.  Considering the path lengths and the speed of sound, the brain must be able to process inputs arriving as close as 0.00003 seconds apart.  “In acoustic orientation terms this means that a sound source located only about 3° from the centre line of the head is recognized as being off-centre,” he said.  The slight difference in sound intensity between the two ears also gives us information on the distance to the sound.Dr. Gitt’s book, though 14 years old, is highly recommended if you can find it.  It’s well illustrated and extremely interesting.  Not only does he provide a wealth of information about the senses and other body organs, he gives the glory not just to an unspecified designer, but to the Lord Jesus Christ.  [Note: None of the secular sources in this entry dared mention their idol, Charlie.]  The power of the Christian explanation for the wonders of creation is in the details that this book so beautifully presents.last_img read more