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Seven states report sporadic flu cases


first_imgOct 14, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – In a sign that influenza season is approaching, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently reported that a handful of states have seen sporadic flu cases and that the earliest signs suggest that this year’s vaccine is a good match for circulating strains. Reports from  US labs affiliated with the World Health Organization and the National Respiratory and Enteric Virus Surveillance System say that of 40 influenza viruses identified during September, 1 (2.5%) was an H1 virus, 4 (10%) were H3 viruses, 29 (72.5%) were nonsubtyped A viruses, and 6 (15%) were B viruses. “Based on the level of oseltamivir resistance in only one influenza subtype, H1N1, and the persisting high levels of resistance to the adamantanes in H3N2 viruses, CDC continues to recommend the use of oseltamivir and zanamivir for the treatment or prevention of influenza,” the report said. “Use of amantadine or rimantadine is not recommended.” For the week that ended Oct 4, the CDC said in an Oct 10 update that seven states reported sporadic seasonal influenza activity: California, Connecticut, Florida, Hawaii, Idaho, New York, and Wyoming. Forty-one other states reported no activity, and two—Montana and Washington—did not report. Over the summer months (May 18 through Sep 27), the CDC antigenically characterized a small number of influenza isolates, the report said. Of the six isolates, four were type A/H1, one was type A/H3, and one was type B. “All six viruses are antigenically similar to the components selected for the 2008-2009 influenza vaccine,” the CDC said. For the H1 component the vaccine strain is similar to A/Brisbane/59/2007, for the H3 component, A/Brisbane/10/2007, and for the B component, B/Florida/4/2006. Last year a number of countries, including the United States, reported increased resistance of H1N1 viruses to the antiviral drug oseltamivir (Tamiflu). The CDC said that since May 18 it has tested 10 isolates for antiviral resistance. It found that 2 of 6 H1N1 viruses showed resistance to oseltamivir, but no resistance was found in H3N2 and B viruses. All retained sensitivity to zanamivir (Relenza), the other neuraminidase inhibitor. Of six type A viruses tested for resistance to the older flu drugs known as adamantanes, two were positive: one H3N2 virus and one of five H1N1 viruses. See also: CDC’s week 40 influenza reporthttp://www.cdc.gov/flu/weekly/last_img read more


Chelsea clinch late draw vs. Everton, Man City win, leaders Leicester denied


first_imgJohn Terry scored an own goal and then struck deep into second-half injury time to snatch a 3-3 draw for Chelsea against Everton at Stamford Bridge.The Blues went behind early in the second half when Leighton Baines’ cross was turned into his own net by defender Terry.Everton continued to threaten with Ross Barkley hitting the post before Kevin Mirallas lashed past goalkeeper Thibaut Courtois to make it 2-0.Guus Hiddink’s team responded through Diego Costa when he received Cesc Fabregas’ pass and rounded goalkeeper Tim Howard.And two minutes later it was 2-2 as Fabregas’ shot was deflected home.But Everton regained their lead in injury time when Ramiro Funes Mori got on the end of Gerard Deulofeu’s delivery. With seconds remaining, Terry made amends for his own goal when he tucked past Howard in the eighth minute of injury time.Manchester City temporarily went top of the table on goal difference as Sergio Aguero scored twice in a 4-0 win over Crystal Palace at the Etihad.Fabian Delph put City 1-0 up on 22 minutes with a 30-yard strike that skimmed low past goalkeeper Wayne Hennessey.Manuel Pellegrini’s men doubled their lead before half-time when Aguero’s shot from 25 yards was deflected in. Aguero scored his second of the game in the 68th minute, tucking home from Kevin De Bruyne’s cutback.The Argentina international then turned provider as he assisted David Silva who made it 4-0 with a simple finish.Leicester climbed back above City at the summit although they had to settle for a point in a 1-1 draw at Aston Villa in Saturday’s evening kickoff.Shinji Okazaki broke the deadlock in the 28th minute when he scored from a rebound after goalkeeper Mark Bunn had done superbly to claw out Jamie Vardy’s lob. The Foxes had a chance to take a two-goal lead only for Riyad Mahrez to see his penalty saved by Bunn after Aly Cissokho was deemed to have handled in the box.But Villa hit back with 15 minutes left on the clock as Rudy Gestede seemed to control the ball with his hand before his shot clipped off Wes Morgan and nestled beyond goalkeeper Kasper Schmeichel.Two goals from Christian Eriksen ensured Tottenham Hotspur returned to winning ways after their midweek loss to Leicester as they beat Sunderland 4-1 at White Hart Lane.Sunderland took the lead against the run of play when Adam Johnson found Patrick Van Aanholt with a fabulous defence-splitting pass and the full-back beat goalkeeper Hugo Lloris at his near post. Tottenham hit back just two minutes later when Harry Kane’s initial effort was saved and Eriksen’s rebound was only cleared into the roof of the net by Sunderland’s Lee Cattermole.Mousa Dembele put Spurs 2-1 up when he drove home left-footed past goalkeeper Jordan Pickford, who was impressing for Sam Allardyce’s side.Eriksen grabbed his second of the game, with his shot from outside the area catching a wicked deflection off debutant Jan Kirchhoff that lifted it into the top corner.Kirchhoff’s miserable outing continued when he brought down Danny Rose in the box, and Harry Kane stepped up to seal the points from the penalty spot. West Ham United suffered their first loss since Nov. 22 as Steve McClaren’s struggling Newcastle United ran out 2-1 winners at St James’ Park.Newcastle went in front on six minutes when Georginio Wijnaldum fed Ayoze Perez who found the corner with a placed finish from outside the box.Wijnaldum doubled the Magpies’ advantage with debutant Jonjo Shelvey key in the move as he found Daryl Janmaat with a stunning long-range pass.West Ham pulled a goal back four minutes into second half when Nikica Jelavic pounced on a sloppy pass by defender Chancel Mbemba. Southampton made it back-to-back league wins as they overcame West Brom 3-0 at St Mary’s.Ronald Koeman’s side took an early lead when James Ward-Prowse’s brilliant free kick on five minutes beat goalkeeper Boaz Myhill.The Saints went 2-0 with Ward-Prowse again on the scoresheet as the midfielder converted from the penalty spot after Matt Targett was felled in the box.Dusan Tadic wrapped up the points when he received Steven Davis pass and then struck low into the bottom corner from an acute angle.Bournemouth claimed a first league win in five attempts as they secured a convincing 3-0 victory over Norwich City.Dan Gosling broke the deadlock in the 10th minute, nodding in from close range following a fabulous delivery by Marc Pugh.The Cherries went 2-0 up on 52 minutes through Charlie Daniels, who kept his cool from the penalty spot after Pugh was brought down.Benik Afobe scored his first goal for Bournemouth to seal the victory, slotting home thanks to Charlie Daniels’ assist.–Follow Joy Sports on Twitter: @Joy997FM. Our hashtag is #JoySportslast_img read more