Month: August 2019


Study shows how external ecological communities can affect the coevolution of hosts


first_imgPigeon Citation: Study shows how external ecological communities can affect the coevolution of hosts and their parasites (2011, May 24) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-05-external-ecological-affect-coevolution-hosts.html Explore further More information: Community interactions govern host-switching with implications for host–parasite coevolutionary history, PNAS, Published online before print May 23, 2011, doi:10.1073/pnas.1102129108AbstractReciprocal selective effects between coevolving species are often influenced by interactions with the broader ecological community. Community-level interactions may also influence macroevolutionary patterns of coevolution, such as cospeciation, but this hypothesis has received little attention. We studied two groups of ecologically similar feather lice (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera) that differ in their patterns of association with a single group of hosts. The two groups, “body lice” and “wing lice,” are both parasites of pigeons and doves (Columbiformes). Body lice are more host-specific and show greater population genetic structure than wing lice. The macroevolutionary history of body lice also parallels that of their columbiform hosts more closely than does the evolutionary history of wing lice. The closer association of body lice with hosts, compared with wing lice, can be explained if body lice are less capable of switching hosts than wing lice. Wing lice sometimes disperse phoretically on parasitic flies (Diptera: Hippoboscidae), but body lice seldom engage in this behavior. We tested the hypothesis that wing lice switch host species more often than body lice, and that the difference is governed by phoresis. Our results show that, where flies are present, wing lice switch to novel host species in sufficient numbers to establish viable populations on the new host. Body lice do not switch hosts, even where flies are present. Thus, differences in the coevolutionary history of wing and body lice can be explained by differences in host-switching, mediated by a member of the broader parasite community. (PhysOrg.com) — In a novel experiment running over three years, evolutionary biologists Christopher Harbison and Dale Clayton, both of the University of Utah in Salt Lake City, sought to show that a certain species of lice evolved the way it did, in part due to the way it’s hosts evolved; while another species of lice on the same hosts, did not. By studying two different types of lice that live in the feathers of doves and pigeons, the two researchers, as described in their paper in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) show that one of the lice species had a similar evolutionary history to its host, while the other did not, due to its inability to migrate to other birds. Did dinosaurs have lice? Researchers say it’s possible © 2010 PhysOrg.com This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Pigeons and doves, as many people well know, play host to lice; but not all the lice are the same. In fact, there are two distinct species of lice aboard any given bird; one that lives in the wings or tail feathers and one that lives on the belly, eating downy feathers. But only one of the species share a similar evolutionary history with the host; those that live on the belly; a fact that has bothered evolutionary biologists for quite some time. Harbison and Clayton suspected it had something to do with the hippoboscid fly, a species that survives by drinking bird blood; they suspected that the species of lice that lived on the wings of birds, because they have longer legs, were able to hop aboard the flies, which would then carry them to other birds of other species. The belly lice on the other hand, because they had shorter legs, would be unable to attach themselves and would thus be condemned to live out their whole lives on just one bird species, which would help explain why they were more closely tied evolutionary wise, with their host.To prove their idea correct, the duo set up a shed that housed two groups of pigeons; on one side was a group already infested with both species of lice; on the other, pigeons that had no lice at all. The pigeons could not reach one another due to a partition, but the hippoboscid flies that were introduced could; they were able to hop from bird to bird on either side of the partition as they chose. After studying the results over a three year period, the team was able to very clearly see that the lice that lived in the pigeons’ wings were able to make their way over to the clean birds on a consistent basis, while the belly dwellers were not able to at all.The results show that species interactions among communities can help explain evolutionary patterns, which suggests that further research among other species might yield new clues to help build a more accurate picture of how whole evolutionary systems might work.last_img read more


Polytron predicts glass smartphones by end of year w Video


first_img More information: www.polytronix.com/privacyglass_tech.html Citation: Polytron predicts glass smartphones by end of year (w/ Video) (2013, February 17) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-02-polytron-glass-smartphones-year.html The phone is being showcased in its early stages; there is no software running on the prototype. The goal is to get OEMs motivated enough to consider what this technology can offer. Polytron is anticipating that handset makers will want to build products with its special glass. As the prototype reveals, not all of the phone components are invisible; one can see the batteries, camera, and cards. In future design phases, when the phone proceeds further toward production, the plan is to hide the visible components with a darker cover. The glass technology behind this prototype phone is the company’s special glass which can transform itself from a cloudy-white, translucent barrier to an optically clear state. The company explains how this works. Explore further “The ordinary refractive index of these liquid crystal does not match that of the polymer, and the incident light is thus scattered, resulting in a translucent state. When an electric field is applied across the material, the PDLC droplets re-orient so that the extraordinary refractive index of the liquid crystal matches that of the polymer. Therefore, the incident light can pass through, resulting in a transparent state.”Consumer attraction toward modern design and consumer delight in the novelty of owning a glass phone cannot be dismissed, but a research director at Current Analysis noted that, despite the novelty, the glass phone realistically can hope to sell if the display quality is up to par with the best of today’s AMOLED and LCD screens.Polytron Technologies, meanwhile, has also produced a transparent USB memory stick that will go into production soon. The USB stick will come in 8, 16, and 32GB choices. The USB has an embedded LED so that the user knows it is connected and working. There was no information on pricing. A prototype transparent phone.center_img (Phys.org)—Polytron Technologies confidently says that this could be the very year that smartphone featuring transparent glass are available. Taiwan-based Polytron Technologies says the phones could arrive in late 2013. The company, which focuses on electronic and optical-vision glass, is a subsidiary of U.S.-based Polytronix. Polytron has been showing off a prototype smartphone that was built from a light piece of glass. © 2013 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. AGC creates 15% lighter glass for mobile deviceslast_img read more


Bangkok designers draw attention for airpurifying bike idea


first_img Explore further (Phys.org) —Some observers are calling it “the photosynthesis bike.” The bike of interest is only a concept, not even a prototype yet, from designers in Bangkok. Nonetheless, in concept alone, it has captured a lot if imaginations, press coverage, and even picked up an award in the 2013 Red Dot competition for design concept. Dubbed “Air Purifier Bike,” from Bangkok-based Lightfog Creative and Design, the bicycle presents a next-level functionality to bicycles as environmentally sound vehicles—to the point where the rider not only uses a clean mode of transport but also helps to purify the air along with the ride. (The Red Dot Award for design concept is part of a professional design competition for design concepts and prototypes worldwide.) Silawat Virakul, Torsakul Kosaikul, and Suvaroj Poosrivongvanid are the designers behind the award-winning idea. They said their Air-Purifier Bike incorporates an air filter that screens dust and pollutants from the air, a photosynthesis system (including a water tank) that produces oxygen, an electric motor, and a battery. “While it is being ridden, air passes through the filter at the front of the bike, where it is cleaned before being released toward cyclist. The bike frame houses the photosynthesis system. When the bike is parked, the air-purifying functions can continue under battery power.”According to a report on the bicycle and the designers behind it on the Fast Company Co.Exist site, the designers presently have mock-ups, but they have not yet built a prototype; they plan to build one soon. “We want to design products which can reduce the air pollution in the city. So we decided to design a bike because we thought that bicycles are environmentally friendly vehicles for transportation,” said creative director Silawat Virakul in an email to Co.Exist. © 2013 Phys.org Citation: Bangkok designers draw attention for air-purifying bike idea (2013, December 12) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-12-bangkok-attention-air-purifying-bike-idea.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.center_img More information: www.red-dot.sg/zh/online-exhib … e=923&y=2013&c=5&a=1www.fastcoexist.com/3023176/pu … -photosynthesis-bike If they were to advance their concept, they would be responding to many urban dwellers who are growing increasingly aware that bicycles ease pollution and are taking to bicycles for short-distance transportation. Earlier this year, Lucintel, a consulting and market research firm, analyzed the global bicycle industry in “Global Bicycle Industry 2013-2018: Trends, Profit, and Forecast Analysis.” They noted that government initiatives to promote cycling to reduce carbon emissions and noise pollution are a strong growth driver. In addition, bicycles’ energy efficiency, coupled with cycling as a fitness activity, will help propel demand during the forecast period. “Riding a bicycle can reduce traffic jam[s] in a city,” said Virakul. “Moreover, we wanted to add more value to a bicycle by adding its ability to reduce the pollution.” Bikes share space with cars at Detroit auto showlast_img read more


Two giant planets detected around an evolved intermediatemass star


first_img Citation: Two giant planets detected around an evolved intermediate-mass star (2016, January 21) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-01-giant-planets-evolved-intermediate-mass-star.html The planets were discovered by an international team of astronomers led by Bun’ei Sato of the Tokyo Institute of Technology. The researchers employed the Okayama Astrophysical Observatory (OAO) in Japan, the Xinglong Station in China and the Australian Astronomical Observatory (AAO) to observe HD 47366. The planets were detected by the radial velocity method, also known as Doppler spectroscopy, which uses gravity to detect exoworlds.The astronomers were searching for any signs of wobbling when observing HD 47366, as planets exert a gravitational tug when they orbit their parent stars, causing them to wobble back and forth. Three powerful spectrographs were needed to detect this wobbling: the HIgh Dispersion Echelle Spectrograph (HIDES) at OAO, the Coude Echelle Spectrograph (CES) at Xinglong and the University College London Echelle Spectrograph (UCLES) at AAO.Precise radial-velocity measurements using these spectrographs revealed the presence of two exoplanets orbiting HD 47366. By fitting a double Keplerian model to the obtained radial-velocity data, the researchers were able to determine the mass, semimajor axis and eccentricity of the newly discovered worlds. According to their computations, the inner and outer planet have minimum masses equal to 1.75 and 1.86 Jupiter masses, semimajor axes of 1.214 and 1.853 AU (astronomical units), and eccentricities of 0.089 and 0.278 respectively.With relatively small orbital separations, this planetary system has immediately become very intriguing for the scientists.”The planetary system is intriguing in the points that the best-fit Keplerian orbit is unstable, it is near but less likely in 2:1 mean-motion resonance, and could be stable if the orbits are nearly circular or in retrograde configuration,” the researchers wrote in the paper.To further investigate the orbital stability of the system and constrain orbital parameters, the astronomers performed dynamical analysis for the system. This analysis revealed that the best-fit orbits in prograde configuration are unstable. However, the scientists found that they are stable in the following cases: The two planets are in the 2:1 mean-motion resonance; the eccentricity of the outer planet is less than about 0.15; mutual inclination of two the planets is larger than 160 degrees.The researchers also assume that the current orbital configuration could also be caused by a possible third planet in this system. However, no convincing evidence supporting this theory has yet been released.According to the research team, it is still unknown why multi-giant-planet systems with small orbital separation are mostly found around evolved, intermediate-mass stars. The scientists have offered one possible explanation for this phenomenon.”It may be a primordial property of planets around intermediate-mass stars that could be an outcome of planet formation or an acquired one as a result of orbital evolution caused by stellar evolution (stellar tide and mass loss) of central stars,” the paper reads.To this date, precise radial-velocity surveys have found about 120 substellar companions around evolved stars. The discovery made by Sato and his team is another important finding increasing the population of multi-giant-planet systems found with relatively small orbital separations around evolved intermediate-mass stars. Planets around these type of stars, especially consisting of giant exoplanets, could be crucial for our understanding of formation and evolution of planetary systems. Explore further Monster planet is ‘dancing with the stars’ (Phys.org)—HD 47366 is an evolved star almost twice as massive as our sun. Located about 260 light years from the Earth, the star is approximately 1.6 billion years old, and, as it turns out, hosts two giant planets with a mass nearly two times that of Jupiter’s each. A research paper detailing the new findings was published online on Jan. 18 in the arXiv journal. More information: A Pair of Giant Planets around the Evolved Intermediate-Mass Star HD 47366: Multiple Circular Orbits or a Mutually Retrograde Configuration, arXiv:1601.04417 [astro-ph.EP] arxiv.org/pdf/1601.04417.pdfAbstractWe report the detection of a double planetary system around the evolved intermediate-mass star HD 47366 from precise radial-velocity measurements at Okayama Astrophysical Observatory, Xinglong Station, and Australian Astronomical Observatory. The star is a K1 giant with a mass of 1.81+-0.13M_sun, a radius of 7.30+-0.33R_sun, and solar metallicity. The planetary system is composed of two giant planets with minimum mass of 1.75^{+0.20}_{-0.17}Mjup and 1.86^{+0.16}_{-0.15}Mjup, orbital period of 363.3^{+2.5}_{-2.4} d and 684.7^{+5.0}_{-4.9} d, and eccentricity of 0.089^{+0.079}_{-0.060} and 0.278^{+0.067}_{-0.094}, respectively, which are derived by a double Keplerian orbital fit to the radial-velocity data. The system adds to the population of multi-giant-planet systems with relatively small orbital separations, which are preferentially found around evolved intermediate-mass stars. Dynamical stability analysis for the system revealed, however, that the best-fit orbits are unstable in the case of a prograde configuration. The system could be stable if the planets were in 2:1 mean-motion resonance, but this is less likely considering the observed period ratio and eccentricity. A present possible scenario for the system is that both of the planets have nearly circular orbits, namely the eccentricity of the outer planet is less than ~0.15, which is just within 1.4sigma of the best-fit value, or the planets are in a mutually retrograde configuration with a mutual orbital inclination larger than 160 degree. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Upper: Radial velocities of HD 47366 obtained with HIDES-S (red), HIDES-F (blue), CES-O (brown), CES-N (magenta), HRS (cyan), and AAT (green). The error bar for each point includes the extra Gaussian noise. The double Keplerian model for the radial velocities is shown by the solid line. Bottom: Residuals to the Keplerian fit. Credit: arXiv:1601.04417 [astro-ph.EP] © 2016 Phys.orglast_img read more


Making PEACE posting ONLINE


first_imgTouchtalent.com, an online community of Creative Individuals is organising a one-week long online art exhibition. The theme of the exhibition is Friendship, focusing on cultivating warm ties that strengthen our common humanity and promote the well-being of the human family. This exhibition revolving around International Friendship day, would be live from1 August to 8 August. We have heard many instances of war and blood like Israel- Palestine, Russia-Ukraine, India-Pakistan. On this International Day of Friendship, let us encourage humanity and friendship and spread happiness all over the human folks in the form of art. Touchtalent strengthens the imaginative tradition of bringing people together through creativity with an inspired exhibition on friendship. This exhibition is beyond the barriers of social status, culture, religion and race.  Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Art is not something what you see, but what you make others see, Touchtalent is working on this path only through the medium of art by making others see, peace and art deprived under the blanket of war all over the nation. It is an ingenious way of saying ‘Make friends, Not War.’ They are looking for entries that can celebrate the power of camaraderie within nations and human race.Touchtalent connect creative users in over 192 countries. It has thus far organised more than ten global online art exhibitions with each generating around a million page views. This exhibition is expected to touch number of page views with peace not war.  Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixAnkit Prasad, CEO Touchtalent.com said, ‘This is a grand opportunity for creative users to be part of friendship and peace exhibition. Artistes can upload their innovative work on www.touchtalent.com with #Friendship before 3 August. Through this exhibition we want to celebrate International day of Friendship in harmony.’Touchtalent.com is a community of creativity individuals who create original and imaginative content. It puts the hands together for the originality of individuals at a global level. With half a million monthly visits on web and equal number of downloads on Android, Touchtalent.com has stretched its vision of understanding and monetizing creativity at the global level. Everyday users from more than 100 countries visit Touchtalent to pitch their creative content in four diverse formats (visual, textual audio and video) under an assortment of categories (photography, painting, sketching, sculpting etc.)last_img read more


Bengal driver economy for eastern states says Fin Com


first_imgKolkata: Stating that Bengal’s economy is a “driver economy” for many other states in the eastern part of the country, N K Singh, Chairman of the 15th Finance Commission, praised the development projects taken up by the state government.The 15th Finance Commission headed by Singh and other members including Saktikanta Das, Dr Anoop Singh, Dr Ashok Lahiri and Arvind Mehta, Secretary, held a meeting with Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, Finance Minister Amit Mitra and senior officials of the state government on Tuesday. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeAfter the detailed discussions with the state government, Singh said: “Some of the development initiatives that have been taken up are commendable in multiple ways in terms of job creation, harnessing the comparative advantage that Bengal has in terms of its intellectual capital.”The Chairman also stated that the Finance Commission has recognised that in the past few years the economy of Bengal has made enormous progress in terms of key macro-economic parameters on the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), on improved debt management and on enhancing its own tax revenue. “The state has also made several strides on human development particularly in education and health sector,” he added. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedThe Commission’s Chairman said: “Some initiatives in which job and employment hubs of a labour intensive nature have been undertaken, particularly the issues of Information and Technology sector and leather industry are the two illustrative cases which were brought to the Commission’s notice.”He maintained: “There are many virtuous features in what Bengal has done in terms of the tier three governance structure and delegation of substantial powers to the Panchayats and in terms of harnessing the comparative factors’ advantages of Bengal. These are the examples of key initiatives that would not only add to Bengal’s development but would be a pointer of how to harness comparative advantages of other states too.” Singh further added: “We agree based on today’s meaningful discussions to continue interaction and dialogue with the state government on what needs to be done in both short and medium term for Bengal to become an important multiplier state in terms of the overall growth picture of the country.”In the same breath, he said that it is a fact that the state’s economy is very strategically placed with three countries bordering it. It is a driver economy for many other states in the east that shares the border with Bengal.last_img read more


CBI raids nine places over chit fund scam


first_imgKolkata: The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) conducted raids at different places in the state on Friday, in connection with a chit fund case of the ATM Group.Raids have been conducted at nine places, including the offices and residences of the Chief Managing Director (CMD) and other directors of the group.A case was registered in this connection on June 6 in 2017 under various sections of the Indian Penal Code (IPC). The case had started on charges of criminal breach of trust (406 IPC), cheating and dishonestly inducing delivery of property (420 IPC), 120 B (criminal conspiracy), for voluntarily causing hurt (323 IPC), criminal intimidation (506 IPC) and acts done by several persons in furtherance of common intention (34 IPC). Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeThe central investigating agency had initiated a probe following the Supreme Court’s order.Teams comprising CBI officers went to nine different places to conduct raids and several incriminating documents were seized.After preliminary investigation, CBI officers have come to know that the group had collected around Rs 4 to Rs 5 crore through different chit fund schemes.The modus operandi of the group was quite similar to that of other chit fund groups. Investigation has revealed that the group had assured high rate of return to collect money from people. But the investors have not got back their money and the invested amount has been allegedly misappropriated.Officers of the investigating agency have seized several documents during the raid and they will be going through the same to get more information about the group.It may be mentioned that the probe into all the chit fund cases have recently started gaining momentum and officers of the central investigating agency have conducted raids in connection with several chit fund cases in the past few weeks.last_img read more


Onduty doctor of staterun hospital dies suicide suspected


first_imgKolkata: Mystery shrouds the death of a doctor who was declared brought dead at SSKM Hospital on Sunday.The victim, identified as Saswata Hira (34), who was attached to Ramrik Das Haralalka Hospital (RDHH), an annex unit of SSKM Hospital, was found unconscious at RDHH on Sunday morning.He was taken to SSKM Hospital by the staff where Hira was declared brought dead.It was learnt that Hira had a night shift at the ICU of RDHH on Saturday.According to hospital sources, he was there at the ICU till 2 am on Saturday night. He was absolutely fine when the staff last saw him. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeOn Sunday morning, some staff spotted Hira lying unconscious inside the hospital campus.He was immediately taken to SSKM Hospital where he was declared brought dead.According to SSKM and RDHH, the cause of his death will only be confirmed after his post-mortem report is available.According to the sources at RDHH, the victim doctor had been suffering from mental depression due to some family problems.He had been under medication for his ailments.A section of the hospital staff suspects that he might have fallen inside the doctors’ room and this might have led to his death. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedPolice have already started a probe in this regard. They are investigating if the victim had committed suicide following mental depression.Cops are also suspecting that the doctor might have administered an injection to commit suicide.They are interrogating others doctors, nurses of the hospital and also the family members of the victim in this connection so far.The investigation officers are waiting for the post-mortem report which might throw some light on the nature of his death.Police are also looking into if there was any foul play behind the death of the doctor.last_img read more


Gay lesbians less likely to get leadership position


first_imgIf you are a gay or lesbian woman, chances are that you may face discrimination and be considered inadequate while seeking top positions at workplace, due to the sound of your voice, a new study has found.In a study, led by researchers at the University of Surrey in Britain, participants considered male candidates’ auditory features, not facial which impacted on whether they were deemed suitable for the role.It was because having a heterosexual rather than a ‘gay-sounding’ voice created the impression that the speaker had typically masculine traits, which in turn increased their perceived suitability for the role and the chance of receiving a higher salary. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfLesbian candidates were associated with a lack of femininity and identified as gender non-conforming and received less positive evaluation than heterosexual counterparts.”These results demonstrate that the mere sound of a voice is sufficient to trigger stereotypingm denying gay and lesbian-sounding speakers, the qualities that are considered typical of their gender,” said Fabio Fasoli from the University of Surrey.The study also revealed that people thought gay men should be paid less than their heterosexual counterparts. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive”This study highlights that it can be a real problem in the workplace and for people’s career prospects,” Fasoli added in the paper appearing in the Archives of Sexual Behaviour.In addition, the participants were found to attribute more feminine traits to the gay than to the heterosexual speakers and lesbian speakers were more likely to be associated with masculine than to feminine characteristics.When asked which of the speakers the participants would choose as an acquaintance for an interaction, male participants were more likely to avoid male gay-sounding speakers, suggesting a subtle impact of voice on social exclusion of gay individuals, researchers noted.”This study demonstrates that unacceptable levels of discrimination, be they subconscious or conscious, still exists in our society, and we need to do more to tackle the discrimination faced by the LGBT community,” Fasoli said.IANSlast_img read more


Woman dies of burn injuries police suspect suicide


first_imgKolkata: A woman died after she got burnt mysteriously on Wednesday morning in Behala. Locals claimed that fire somehow occurred at her residence whereas police claimed that it is a case of suspected suicide.According to locals, on Wednesday morning at around 11:25 am, some residents of Bhupen Roy Road in Behala heard cries coming from a single-storeyed house. When some of the neighbours rushed there, they saw smoke coming out of the house and a woman trying hard to get out. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedLocal residents started spraying water and informed the fire brigade and police. Two fire tenders reached the spot within few minutes but till then, the flames had almost been doused. Later, one fire tender sprayed water and doused the flames completely by 11:50 am. Police and fire brigade personnel rescued the woman from inside the house who was later identified as Chandana Das (35). She was declared brought dead by the doctors at Vidyasagar State General Hospital in Behala. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseLocals suspect that the fire occurred due to a short circuit but police claim that Das committed suicide by setting herself on fire after pouring kerosene. She used to live there with her mother and sister. Though police claimed the incident as a suspected suicide, none of the locals could estimate why she had done this. Though no complaint has been received till Wednesday night, sleuths are probing the matter on the basis of an Unnatural Death (UD) case lodged at Behala police station.last_img read more


Stay hydrated moisturised while travelling


first_imgFlights can make your skin look dull and tired because air at high altitudes has less moisture, making the cabin air dry. Invest in good Vitamin E moisturisers, lip butters and drink water throughout your journey, suggest experts. Taking care of the skin becomes even more essential during air travel to avoid turbulence created by dry air. To have long lasting and visible impact, it’s always a good idea to indulge in Vitamin E moisturiser as it protects and locks in moisture for all-day hydration.If you are too lazy to apply moisturisers again and again, go for a moisturiser with Vitamin E and hyaluronic acid as it possess the quality of 48 hours retention in it.Harsh weather conditions and lack of moisture in air has a direct effect on the lips leaving them chapped and dry but one can easily avoid it by applying lip butter or lip gloss on lips.Using a lip balm or lip butter with olive oil and coconut oil as the main ingredient is a great solution for crack-free and moisturised lips, apart from just giving a glossy look. An almond cream is ideal for the lips.Both olive oil and coconut oil are a great source of Vitamin E, which helps the lips with proper nourishment and well required shield against the dry weather conditions.The most important thing is to drink enough water even before you board the flight, and continue to guzzle water throughout.It’s a great way to counteract the dry conditions inside the flight. If you can stand it, leave the skin nearly naked for long haul flight journeys.If one has to be ready upon arrival, keep a little make-up case with you with some concealer and foundation and apply right before you land. One can accentuate the look by adding a dash of kajal or liner to the eyes.Remember to take your sunscreen lotion. An anti-tan sunscreen would be good. Apply sunscreen 20 minutes before going out. If you are out in the sun for more than an hour, re-apply the sunscreen. You may also need moisturiser, hand cream and lip balm.When you travel by air, you may have to sit for long hours. Avoid tight clothes. Your feet will also suffer, so try to keep them raised with some support, to help circulation and prevent fatigue. You can try a few foot exercises while sitting.Wiggle your toes and make circular motions with your feet. Occasionally take a walk down the aisle, to stretch yourself. Also, try to relax and ease your tensions. Sit and do some deep breathing. It really helps to calm you.Eat light meals during the flight. Salads and fruits help to ward off symptoms of jet-lag.last_img read more


Rescuing trafficked children a priority Rlys


first_imgKolkata: In recent times, Indian Railways has given special attention towards rescue of runaway and trafficked children. RPF/Eastern Railway has also taken this issue very seriously, putting all sincere efforts in this direction.On-duty RPF staff are keeping constant surveillance in stations as well as trains to detect runaway or trafficked children. In 2018, a total of 922 children (540 girls and 382 boys) have been rescued. Out of them, 471 children have been handed over to their respective parents, 427 have been handed over to concerned NGOs and 24 have been handed over to the police for rehabilitation under proper documentation.last_img


Prosenjit takes the lead in Kaushik Gangulys next


first_imgacclaimed filmmaker Kaushik Ganguly has come up with yet another interesting project for the audiences. Titled Kishore Kumar Junior, the film will see Prosenjit Chaterjee playing the lead role. This will be the second time that Kaushik Ganguly and Prosenjit are teaming up for a film.The official announcement was made by Rupa Datta on behalf of Camellia Productions Pvt. Ltd. at a recent event in Kolkata.Famous singer and Kishore Kumar fan Gautam Ghosh delivered a phenomenal performance during the event. Producer Rupa Datta of Camellia Productions said, “We have all been eagerly waiting for this day, and it is indeed a prestigious collaboration for us. We are targeting Durga Puja 2018 for the release of the film and really hope the audiences will like and appreciate all the hard work.” Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe story revolves around an individual who sings songs of Kishore Kumar. The director mentioned that it is these artists who have maintained the legacy of the bigger artists. However these artists who sing like some other big singer have no individual recognition.Camellia Group started operations in the year 1990 with the development of Real Estate. Today, it has grown into one of the largest business conglomerates in Eastern India with diversified presence in the field of education, hospitality, real estate, health, aviation, and industry. Camellia group ventured in the field of entertainment industry with Camellia Production Pvt. Ltd and have produced six Telefilms ‘Kabipaksha ‘(based on short stories of Rabindranath Tagore) and series of short Telefilms in ETV Bangla in the year 2003-2004.This is the saga of Camellia Group, which continues to spread its petals in development of the nation, leveraging trust, honesty and innovation.last_img read more


KMC mulls facilities for elderly citizens in parks across city


first_imgKolkata: The Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) has plans to develop facilities for senior citizens in a number of parks in the city, considering the demand of elderly persons for the same.”There has been demand from some councillors to come up with facilities for senior citizens in parks. But space constraint is a major challenge. We have plans to develop facilities for the elderly wherever there is availability of space,” a senior official of the Parks and Gardens department of the civic body said. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataNivedita Park in Ward 7 has already been given a facelift, with a separate enclosure for senior citizens to relax, particularly after their morning and evening walks. Facilities have also been put in place for smooth jogging. Maddox Square Park under Ward 69 has witnessed the setting up of acupuncture facilities, particularly for the benefit of senior citizens. It has come up adjacent to the children’s corner at the park. Indu Park located at Ward 107 in Kasba is also undergoing renovation, to provide wide space to aged people for their morning and evening walks. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in state”There are more than 10 children’s parks in Ward 107, with various rides and other activities for the enjoyment of children. The senior citizens wanted a park with some sort of separate facilities for them,” said Sushanta Kumar Ghosh, councillor of Ward 107, who is also the chairman of Borough XII. Apart from open space for walks, there will also be comfortable seating arrangements favourable for an adda ambience. There will be indoor game facilities like chess, ludo, etc. as well. A waterbody inside the park is also being renovated and a fountain will be built. An open library will also come up inside the park. The major portion of the work has already been completed and Ghosh is optimistic of unveiling the park in three months. A portion of the Rs 80 lakh needed for developing the park was allocated by the Parks and Gardens department and the rest was disbursed by the Project Management Unit (PMU) department of the civic body. The KMC maintains around 720 parks in the city spanning across all 144 wards.last_img read more


Indians take a chill pill with lassi cold coffee


first_imgLassi, cold coffee and watermelon juice are among the preferred beverages that are helping people across India beat the searing heat. The temperature is soaring, spreading the heat wave blues all over India. But people have come up with their own ways to beat the heat, especially with chillers like lassi and cold coffee. A food delivering website released the ‘Indian chapter of The Eats Cravings Report 2019’, a snapshot of India’s favourite cravings and the most popular binge worthy dishes. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfConducted between January and May 2019, the report revealed that Mumbai clocked in the highest number of orders for lassi. It also stated that Jaipur ditched the traditional tangy summer drink of jal-jeera for a chilled cup of cold coffee, while Pune opted for a good old cup of hot tea. Chennai kept it healthy with a refreshing glass of watermelon juice. Oreo shake topped beverage charts across Mangalore. The findings also provide an insight into some of the most widely received requests for sugar cravings across cities. Indians ordered gulab jamun to satiate their sweet tooth, followed by ice cream and ras malai. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveIt revealed that every city has its own personal favourite flavour – people in Bengaluru stayed true to their roots with the highest number of tender coconut ice-cream, while Mumbaikars are beating the heat with strawberry ice-cream. Belgian chocolate satiated palates for Delhiites, while Mango was the most popular flavour in Pune. When it comes to chocolate, Indians binged on chocolate milkshake the most with close competition from hot chocolate sundaes and Death By Chocolate pastries.last_img read more


Ragamuffin Day – The Original Halloween


first_imgThe modern Thanksgiving holiday is a time for celebration, giving of thanks, enjoying family and of course, eating plenty of delicious foodstuffs. The traditions of Thanksgiving in modern America are few but familiar. The presidential turkey pardon, the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day parade and copious consumption of turkey are the primary traditions of the holiday. Yet, in the early 20th century, American Thanksgiving had some traditions that were strangely similar to Halloween.After Abraham Lincoln officially proclaimed that Thanksgiving was to be celebrated as a national holiday in 1863, many states began to take part in different festivities and traditions.ThanksgivingOne tradition that emerged from New York involved children dressing up in all manner of costumes and begging strangers for treats.These kids would often dress down, wearing poor people’s clothing as a costume, garnering the nickname of Ragamuffins.Known colloquially in New York City as Ragamuffin Day, the children would go out on the streets and ask, “Anything for Thanksgiving?” They would be rewarded with candies, fruits or even pennies.Over time, the tradition would expand as the children dressed up as more than just hobos and vagrants. Some would wear face paint, others would put on masks. The tradition, beginning in 1870, actually preceded Halloween’s trick or treating.Ragamuffins on Thanksgiving.The traditions of Ragamuffin Day would prove to be very popular in New York City. Large swathes of costumed children would parade throughout the streets, giving credence to the idea of a Ragamuffin Parade.The costumes would grow more elaborate and for a time, the strange custom would be widely accepted within New York City.Story Of A City: New York (1946)Other states would imitate the practice as well, although not to the wide degree that NYC would.And of course, this tradition provided valuable business to stores that were looking to ply their wares.Thanksgiving Maskers.Paper mache used to create masks, candies for the children — all of these were advertised and sold by merchants who took full advantage of the holiday demands.Children wanted to be dressed as sailors, businessmen, Charlie Chaplin-esque tramps, and even as animals. The costume and mask industry did very well during this period.Thanksgiving maskers, circa 1910-1915.Unfortunately, the widespread tradition of Ragamuffin Day would not survive. What once started out as a lark, a fun way for children and adults to enjoy a holiday together, soon grew to be an annoyance to the refined and sophisticated crowd.Thanksgiving Maskers scramble for pennies.By the 1930s, there were calls from New York Times articles that stated the holiday needed to end, as it was nothing more than an unpleasant distraction for adults.Claiming that the ragamuffin beggars were annoying, adults began to shun the tradition and soon parades were on the decline.A still from the movie adaption of “A Tree Grows in Brooklyn” where Ragamuffin Day is mentioned.Why would public sentiment turn so quickly against Ragamuffin Day? Simply put, by the arrival of the Great Depression in 1929, which cast a sour mood on the country.With many struggling to find work, and some genuinely reduced to begging in order to survive, the jovial activities of dressing up as a poor person and begging for treats was no longer a novelty.Painting a Thanksgiving Masker, 1911.It was instead a harsh mockery of what the times had become. People didn’t have the resources to give away treats or pennies.Groups of children, such as the Madison Square Boys Club, began to actively campaign against Ragamuffin Day as well, instead opting to host Thanksgiving Day parades of their own.Part of Bay Ridge’s 2013 Ragamuffin Parade. Photo by emilydickinsonridesabmx CC BY 2.0While many would still dress up, they would march, sometimes with signs that say, “American Boys Don’t Beg,” as a way to indicate that they were not in approval of such activities.Ragamuffin Parades would continue, although less frequently, until the 1950s, where they would evaporate entirely.Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade looking North from the East side of Broadway between 47th & 48th Streets, 1979. Photo by Jon Harder CC BY 2.5A few parades would later surface in the early 70s, but by and large, Ragamuffin Day is a bygone relic of American history, a strange tradition that few would eagerly remember and fewer still would continue celebrate.Read another story from us:Swanson’s turkey oversupply after Thanksgiving led to birth of the TV dinner in 1953Soon, the Macy’s Day Parade, the main competitor to Ragamuffin Day, would be at the front of center of Thanksgiving and Halloween would go on to fulfill the role of a costume and candy holiday.Andrew Pourciaux is a novelist hailing from sunny Sarasota, Florida, where he spends the majority of his time writing and podcasting.last_img read more


The Strange Case of Britains Roswell – UFO Sighting or Military Prank


first_imgThirty-eight years ago, a group of young American servicemen stationed in Suffolk, England, entered Rendlesham Forest to investigate some mysterious lights. What followed became known as “Britain’s Roswell,” and it subsequently became one of the most well-documented encounters between military personnel and what was believed to be an extraterrestrial craft. The incident occurred over the span of three days, in late December 1980, and occurred in Rendlesham Forest, east of Ipswich, where two different NATO air bases were being leased to the US Air Force, according to the incident’s official website.The East Gate at RAF Woodbridge, where the Rendlesham Forest UFO incident began. Photo by Taras Young CC BY-SA 4.0Over several days, American servicemen experienced a number of UFO incidents including radioactive anomalies and sightings by multiple witnesses. There were mysterious lights in the woods which appeared to emanate from a large, triangular, metallic object, according to one witness.Staff Sergeant Jim Penniston met two military police, Staff Sergeant Bud Stefens and Airman First Class John Burroughs, who reported seeing the lights in the woods.Map of the local area.Penniston wanted to investigate the lights that the two MPs had seen, concerned it could be a downed craft, but Stephens told him he had already seen the lights land, and he was so unsettled by what he saw that he didn’t want to go out for the investigation.Penniston and Burroughs went out to investigate accompanied by Airman First Class Cabansag, who had called in the incident. The three men drove to the forest where they saw the lights, going in on foot when they couldn’t drive any further.Memorandum by Lieutenant Colonel Charles Halt to the British Ministry of Defense regarding an incident in Rendlesham Forest, entitled “Unexplained Lights”.Cabansag stayed with the vehicle to be a communications relay, and the other men went in alone, eventually spotting a metallic craft of a sort Penniston had never seen, with white light coming from the top and bottom and flashing red and blue lights at the sides. Penniston reportedly took pictures of the craft from all sides and even put his hands on it. He later said that, although he couldn’t see any occupants inside, he felt that there was life present within it.When the men returned to Woodbridge Base and made their report, they were debriefed and told to forget they ever saw anything, but they returned to the site later, looking for physical evidence to back up what they saw.The Orfordness Lighthouse as seen from the south-west. A white shield blocked the light from the town of Orford but not from the forest where the sighting occurred. Photo by David Merrett CC BY 2.0When they found the site, it was full of broken branches and there were three dents in the ground where the craft had rested. Radiation testing showed that the levels of ambient radiation were markedly higher near the indentations where the craft had rested. Over the next couple of days, there were several other sightings of a craft moving around at great speed.And then the sightings stopped. Nothing of the sort was ever seen there again, but when the incident was made public, it received significant interest. No solid explanations for what had happened were ever proven.Forest clearing in the UFO Trail at Rendlesham Forest. Photo by Bluewave CC BY-SA 3.0Recently, however, a new explanation was put forward. It was all an elaborate prank by members of the British SAS.There are claims the whole thing was a hoax perpetrated by the SAS as retaliation for an event that had occurred in August of the same year. According to an article in the Telegraph, the SAS often tested US security by poking around the perimeter of the Woodbridge base.In August of 1980, an SAS troop parachuted into the base complex one night as part of their security probes. What they didn’t realize was that the base had recently upgraded their radar.Rendelsham (reconstitution).Even though the parachutes were black, making them nearly invisible to the human eye at night, they were picked up by the newly improved radar, and the British soldiers were promptly rounded up and taken for questioning. Members of the troop said later that they were beaten by their captor, who kept referring to them as “unidentified aliens,” refusing to believe who they really were.Eighteen hours after their capture, they were released after the British authorities got involved, but they were angry about their treatment and about being called aliens on their home soil. The troopers began to plot their revenge, deciding to base it on the word they found so inflammatory – aliens.The moment of so called “explosion” of the unknown craft in Rendlesham forest area. Photo by Димитър Найденов CC BY-SA 3.0The troopers reportedly rigged colored flares and lights among the trees in the forest and used black helium balloons attached to remote-controlled kits to rig the suspended elements.Apparently, that should have been the end of it, a bit of harmless fun, except for the fact that the base commander saw part of the display and was impressed enough to put in a report to the Minister of Defense’s office. That report triggered an investigation after someone in London remembered the August incident, inquiries were made, and the truth was uncovered.That’s the official story, but it still leaves some question marks. Penniston reported that the craft he not only saw, but touched, was about three meters across the base, and about two meters tall (about nine feet by six feet), which seems a bit large for balloons and kites to not just lift, but move speedily. Otherwise, the official story sounds plausible enough, if a bit sophomoric, but consider this…Read another story from us: Leaked ‘Majestic’ Documents and their Alleged Proof of a Vast UFO Cover-UpIf the incident really was a contact with an alien vessel, would either government admit it to the public?last_img read more


WATCH San Jose State running backs coach is a former MC Hammer


first_imgHere’s the original: Alonzo Carter is known to the San Jose State football team as their dedicated running backs coach. But, after one of the team’s spring practices, he addressed the team to reveal he’s been hiding a secret from his past.Carter used to be one of MC Hammer’s back up dancers.He proceeded to nail the steps to one of the choreographed touring routines while ‘U Can’t Touch This’ played in the background.I wonder if he still has his “Hammer Pants.”Can’t Touch This!! @RealCoachCarter with the moves from his days being on tour with @MCHammer ! #LetsGo ? pic.twitter.com/a0pouTYL6c— SanJoseStateFootball (@SJSUSpartanFB) April 8, 2017last_img


Colin The NBA Draft Lottery could be devastating for the Lakers


first_imgThe NBA Draft Lottery is tonight, and today in The Herd, Colin explained why if the Lakers don’t land a Top 3 pick, it would be another devastating set back in a long line of missteps that has left the Lakers spinning their wheels to escape from irrelevancy for the past 4 years.With a 46.9% chance of landing a protected Top 3 pick, the odds don’t warrant the level of optimism currently circulating in Lakerland. In Colin’s opinion if the ping pong balls don’t bounce their way and they lose their pick to Philly, it’s going to crush any chances they have to fast track their way out of the NBA basement.Even if they land the Top 3 pick and select Lonzo Ball, it’s not going to turnaround overnight because the organization is still a mess. It would give them a better chance to land a prized free agent like Paul George, however.“The most likely scenario: they are doomed.” Listen to Colin’s rant:The NBA Draft lottery could be absolutely devastating for the Lakers pic.twitter.com/WcNSjaMUl4— Herd w/Colin Cowherd (@TheHerd) May 16, 2017 Advertisementlast_img read more


Big time college athletes have to choose athletics over academics


first_imgGuests:Doug Gottlieb – FS1 Analyst and host of The Doug Gottlieb Show is in-studio to discuss Joh Rosen’s comments about college athletics and academics, and why there’s no chance Mayweather/McGregor will be competitive.Warren Moon – NFL Hall of Famer and Seahawks broadcaster joins the show from Seattle camp to discuss the apparent locker room division; why Russell Wilson had a better year last year than people think; and if an aging Seattle defense can still be one of the top in the league.Ryan Leaf – Former Chargers quarterback is in-studio to talk Josh Rosen’s comments; which of the college quarterbacks he likes the best; and what he discussed in a recent visit with Nick Saban. Big time college athletes have to choose athletics over academics UCLA quarterback Josh Rosen made comments that big time college athletes can’t excel on the field and in serious academic majors in the class room, and Colin mostly agrees with his stance.He thinks that the idea of an elite college athlete also excelling in a challenging academic major is next to next to impossible due to the time commitment required to play at the highest level of college sports. Even though they may have to forego spending the same amount of time pursuing academics as normal college students, athletes get a college full ride college experience, live better than their peers, leave school with no debt, and in the case of a Josh Rosen, have the opportunity to make millions playing professionally.Big time athletes need to choose if they are willing to sacrifice academics for athletics, but life is full of choices.Floyd Mayweather isn’t telling the truth, he’s selling the fight In the past week, Conor McGregor’s ex-sparring partner has publicly ripped McGregor and said he regularly roughed him up in training. Today, Floyd Mayweather said in an interview that he is convinced that fight will be competitive, and he is planning on changing to an attacking style to make the product better for the fans. He also said McGregor has a legitimate shot to win.Colin doesn’t think for a second that Mayweather believes any of this, but had to make the comments to save the fight’s credibility. The idea Mayweather is doing anything to please fans is also laughable. He’s never been concerned with anything other than cashing his checks. He needs this pay day so he’ll do anything to save it.last_img read more